For the STD test, you will also be advised by the professional on the prevention of transmission of HIV, HBV, and HCV infections, treatments available for HIV, HBV, and HCV infections, and the benefits of sharing test results between the couple or partnersother support to the user (contraception, prenatal care, sexually transmitted infections, risk reduction programs, and harm minimization for people who use drugs, tuberculosis diagnosis, and treatment, among others). However, you can make use of the home STD test as well.
The STD tests are different analyzes performed to detect whether there has been the spread of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). STDs are a group of diseases that are transmitted from one person to another through sexual contact. They are caused by more than 30 causative agents of diverse nature such as bacteria, viruses, and pathogenic parasites. Sexually transmitted infections are very common. By age 25, about 1 in 2 sexually active people will get one. STIs often show no symptoms, and many people don’t even know when they have one. Left untreated, STIs can cause pain, damage internal organs, and even death. Some STIs can lead to being unable to have children (infertility).
What are the steps to take after a reactive result?
After a reactive result:
The user must receive the bulletin with the result of the test. He must be informed that he/she should be accompanied by the test result bulletin during the hospital consultation and only have to present it to the attending physician.
What Information Should Be Shared with the User
The user must be informed that a confirmatory test will be carried out at the hospital and, if the infection is confirmed, he/she will do more tests and start treatment. He must be informed that the treatment of HIV and HCV infection is free (for all users with active enrollment in the NHS).Also, he must be informed that the choice of the hospital is the user’s decision and can be made through the referral network consultation available on the ACSS website, as well as the network must be posted in the pharmacy or laboratory service space.
He also should be informed that he/she must formalize the consultation request, through telephone contact to the Contact Center, being necessary for this to identify himself.If the user needs support in formalizing the request for consultation, the telephone contact to the SNS Contact Center – SNS 24 can be made by the pharmacy/laboratory, and the user must affirm the delegation of competence at the beginning of the call.
He must be informed also that for consultation requests registered through the SNS Contact Center, he must wait for the contact of the destination institution to inform him of the appointment scheduling date. The consultation must take place up to 7 calendar days after the date of registration of the consultation request. He will be able to obtain information on HIV / AIDS, HBV, and HCV through the SNS Contact Center, and it is not necessary to identify him for this purpose.